Maps show where the election took place


A CAQ wave has swept almost everywhere in Quebec, leaving little room for opposition parties. In ten years, François Legault's party will succeed in significantly changing the electoral landscape of the province. Overview region by region.

The Coalition Avenir Québec (CAQ) won 72% of the 125 elections and was able to send 90 representatives to the National Assembly. The Quebec Liberal Party (PLQ) came in second with 21 seats, followed by Québec Solidaire (QS) with 11 seats. By winning just three seats, the Parti Québécois (PQ) almost completely disappeared from the political sphere. With a new leader at the helm, the Conservative Party of Quebec (PCQ) hoped to be able to elect several representatives, but their plan did not succeed.

This means that the CAQ has 14 more seats than when the National Assembly was dissolved. François Legault's party lost only one seat, that of Camille-Laurin. While the PLQ lost 6 ridings, the PQ lost 4 and QS won another. If there were four independent MPs at the time of the election – due to MPs resigning and switching parties – no independents were elected.

The last time a party won more than 90 seats was in the 1980s. Robert Bourassa's Liberals won 99 seats in 1985, then 92 in 1989.

Both the PLQ and PQ have reached historically low levels of elected officials.

In 2018, 1.5 million Quebecers voted for François Legault's party. This time, almost 1.68 million Quebecers voted for him, or 41% of the vote. Although the PCQ failed to elect an MP, the party still received virtually the same number of votes as the PLQ, QS and the PQ. In fact, the PCQ came second in 25 elections, winning more than 30% of the vote in six of them. The PQ came second in 44 contests, but won more than 30% of the vote in just three rounds.

These results reignite the debate about reforming the proportional representation system.

Montreal is increasingly turning orange

The CAQ is still shunned by Montreal voters. Even if the party were to win a strong majority across the province, only two districts in the metropolis will have a CAQ member (Pointe-aux-Trembles and Anjou-Louis-Riel).

The leader of the PQ, Paul St-Pierre-Plamondon, has taken over the leadership from Camille-Laurin (formerly Bourget) from the hands of the CAQ and will thus move into the National Assembly.

QS continues its breakthrough east of Saint-Laurent Boulevard and wins the Maurice-Richard race. The party also captured the Verdun constituency in the south of the metropolis, which had been held by the Liberals since the late 1930s. Solidarity Alejandra Zaga Mendez won with fewer than 500 votes in advance.

While the east of the city turns increasingly orange, the western island of Montreal remains a liberal stronghold. Leader Dominique Anglade won the Saint-Henri–Sainte-Anne constituency, but with the lowest margin (36%) since 1994.

We also see the PLQ's vote share in these Liberal strongholds in Montreal declining by more than 10%.

The CAQ is consolidating its influence around Montreal

In Laval the situation is the opposite of 2018. The Coalition Avenir Québec increased from one to four MPs. The PLQ only retains Chomedey and Mille-Îles.

The CAQ also took over Montérégie. The PLQ only has two seats in this region, Vaudreuil and La Pinière. Vaudreuil was won by the Liberals by just a few votes over the CAQ. The fight was also hot in Laporte, where the CAQ has captured this liberal bastion since 1981.

The Parti Québécois also lost Joliette, its only riding near the greater Montreal area. The CAQ's François St-Louis replaces the PQ's Véronique Hivon, who announced before the elections that she would not run for re-election.

QS resists in Quebec, PCQ misses a breakthrough in Beauce

In the national capital, Québec Solidaire managed to retain its two constituencies (taschenreau and Jean-Lesage), which remain completely surrounded by the CAQ.

Former National Option boss Sol Zanetti, who joined QS in 2017, defended himself against the CAQ attack. Étienne Grandmont takes over the solidarity seat from Catherine Dorion, who has decided not to run again.

In Chauveau, conservative leader Éric Duhaime failed to oust CAQ MP Sylvain Lévesque. In this constituency, which is not won by either party, he still received more than 30% of the vote. Since the 2000s, it has brought MPs from the PLQ, PQ, ADQ and CAQ to power. The PCQ took second place in 14 outings in this region.

The CAQ retains the seat of Jean-Talon, which it took from the Liberals in a byelection in December 2019.

The Beauce-Sud and Beauce-Nord constituencies, which were expected to be among the first to switch to the PCQ camp, ultimately went for the CAQ.

The fight was particularly tough in Beauce-Nord, where the Conservative candidate came second with 43.4% of the vote, behind the CAQ candidate who won 44.5% of the vote. Around 200 votes separated the two candidates. The defeated conservative called for a recount late in the evening. The PCQ took second place in several races around Beauce, notably Lotbinière-Frontenac, Bellechasse, Arthabaska, Drummond–Bois-Franc and Mégantic.

The PQ maintains some gains in eastern Quebec

The Îles-de-la-Madeleine and Matane-Matapédia are, along with the leader in Montreal, the only two races that the PQ has won. Matane voted almost 70% for the PQ, while 46% of Madelinots voted for the Parti Québécois. The Magdalen Islands have had alternating PQ and PLQ since 2007.

The leadership of Sylvain Roy (Bonaventure), who ended his mandate as an independent MP after leaving the PQ faction in June 2021, easily passed into the hands of the CAQ.

QS maintains a foothold in Estrie

In Estrie, despite a tough fight, former Longueuil mayor Caroline Saint-Hilaire (CAQ) failed to oust outgoing MP Christine Labrie (QS) in Sherbrooke.

From 1998 to 2012, this riding was led by Liberal Jean Charest and has changed hands three times in the last three elections.

In Saint-François, Magog, Richmond, Brome-Missisquoi and Granby, QS came second, winning between 15% and 30% of the vote.

QS loses Rouyn-Noranda

Supportive Émilise Lessard-Therrien, outgoing MP for Rouyn-Noranda-Témiscamingue, in Abitibi, lost the seat she narrowly won in 2018. CAQ leader Daniel Bernard will replace her.

In Abitibi-Est and Gatineau it was the Liberal Party that came second, but very far behind the CAQ.

The Pontiac Party, which has been a Liberal stronghold since the 1970s, again elected a PLQ member.

From 1998 to 2022: an electoral map in motion

Since 1994, the map of Quebec has undergone significant changes. In 25 years, three parties – the PQ, the PLQ and the CAQ – came to power one after the other, each dominating the electoral landscape in Quebec.

In 2007, the ADQ became the official opposition and won 41 seats. Two elections later, this party is no longer represented in the National Assembly. Now, in 2022, PQ and PLQ have also virtually disappeared from most regions of Quebec.

Since François Legault won the first CAQ contest in 2008, he has managed to convince more and more Quebecers to vote for his party.

In 2014, 14 constituencies voted more than 50% for the PLQ and 27 voted more than 40%. In 2022, 8 constituencies voted more than 50% and 14 voted more than 40%.

For many years, several liberal districts voted for the PLQ by more than 70%. Some Liberal strongholds such as D'Arcy-McGee and Robert-Baldwin have even voted for the PLQ by more than 80% in the past.

This time, however, the PLQ won its Liberal strongholds with 60% or less of the vote. In D'Arcy-McGee, only half of voters voted for the PLQ, while 22% voted for the PCQ.

A stable participation rate

Voter turnout in 2022 (around 66.05%) is virtually the same as the last election (66.5%). In 1976, Quebecers were at their highest, with a participation rate of over 85%. The Quebecers then elected the PQ René Lévesque.

About 56,000 ballots were rejected, representing just over 1% of the approximately 4,163,000 ballots counted.

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Melanie Meloche-Holubowski Journalist, Melanie Julien head of the desk, Franz Lamontagne to name, Andre Guimaraes And Mathieu St Laurent Developer, Danielle Jazzar Language auditor and Martine Roy coordinator

Andrea Hunt

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